小作文-饼状图写作技巧

5人觉得很有用

收藏

小作文-饼状图写作技巧

饼状图示例

The pie charts show the main reasons for migration to and from the UK in 2007. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words

饼图写作技巧范文.png

Sample Answer:

The pie charts illustrate the primary reasons that people came to and left the UK in 2007.At first glance it is clear that the main factor influencing this decision was employment. Having a definite job accounted for 30 per cent of immigration to the UK, and this figure was very similar for emigration, at 29%. A large number of people, 22%, also emigrated because they were looking for a job, though the proportion of people leaving the UK for this purpose was noticeably lower at less than a fifth. Another major factor influencing a move to the UK was for formal study, with over a quarter of people immigrating for this reason. However, interestingly, only a small minority, 4%, left for this.The proportions of those moving to join a family member were quite similar for immigration andemigration, at 15% and 13% respectively. Although a significant number of people (32%) gave ‘other’ reasons or did not give a reason why they emigrated, this accounted for only 17% with regards to immigration.


备考建议

通过上面的这道题以及给出的范文,饼状图作文可以重点关注以下三点:

1、选择最重要的一个点放在第一个写

从范文中可以看出,换工作,找工作和读书是作者首先提到的,因为这是选择搬家的主要原因。被囊括在其他里的是不那么重要的原因或者只是一小部分人群,所以他们可以被放在结尾再写

2、让句子容易被理解

在写小作文的时候,应该尽可能将信息串在一条逻辑线路上,使文章更容易理解。在饼状图中,最能体现逻辑的就是进行对比,将文章重心放在描述两张图的相似点和不同点上,而不是将他们分开描述。如果分别描述图表,阅读的人就需要不断的在两张图之间切换,自己去发现两张图的不同点在哪里。可以看到在范文里面,作者并没有这样做。 3、语言要丰富 在任何小作文中,这点都是很重要的,考生不应该不断的重复同一种结构。写饼状图时最重要的句子就是描述比例的那几句。通常考生都会用 "the proportion of..."or "the percentage of..." 但事实上,还有很多其他的词组可以用,比如:

A large number of people

over a quarter of people

a small minority

A significant number of people

less than a fifth


下面罗列了一些可以用来代替比例和比率的说法

Percentage Fraction

80% four-fifths

75% three-quarters

70% seven in ten

65% two-thirds

60% three-fifths

55% more than half

50% half

45% more than two fifths

40% two-fifths

35% more than a third

30% less than a third

25% a quarter

20% a fifth

15% less than a fifth

10% one in ten

5% one in twenty


如果比例不是像上面那样的整数,可以用下面的概数来表达:

Percentage Qualifier

77% Approximately three quarters

49% just under a half/ nearly a half

32% Almost a third


如果比例是一个区间,那可以这样:

Percentage proportion / number / amount / majority / minority

75% -85% a very large majority

65% -75% a significant proportion

10% -15% a minority

5% a very small number


饼图练习:

C7-TEST4      C8-TEST2    C9-TEST3       C10-TEST

标记为已完成 完成 取消完成标记

备考小建议

建议大家通过分题型练习总结每个题型自己的弱项,逐一题型去突破。

马上去选题型练习