### 第一段

1 .Ah ... come in, Russ.

Russ，请进。

1 .Thank you.

### 第三段

1 .Now you wanted to consult me about your class presentation on nanotechnology -you're due to give it in next week, aren't you?

### 第四段

1 .That's right. And I'm really struggling.

2 .I chose the topic because I didn't know much about it and wanted to learn more,

3 .but now I've read so much about it, in a way there's too much to say-

4 .I could talk for much longer than the twenty minutes I've been allocated.

5 .Should I assume the other students don’t know much, and give them a kind of general introduction,

6 .or should I try and make them share my fascination with a particular aspect?

### 第五段

1 .You could do either,

2 .but you'll need to have it clear in your own mind.

### 第六段

1 .Then I think I'll give an overview.

### 第七段

1 .OK.

2 .Now, one way of approaching this is to work through developments in chronological order.

1 .Uh-huh.

### 第九段

1 .On the other hand, you could talk about the numerous ways that nanotechnology is being applied.

### 第十段

1 .You mean things like thin films on camera displays to make them water-repellent,

2 .and additives to make motorcycle helmets stronger and lighter.

### 第十一段

1 .Exactly.

2 .Or another way would be to focus on its impact in one particular area,

3 .say medicine, or space exploration.

### 第十二段

1 .That would make it easier to focus.

2 .Perhaps I should do that.

### 第十三段

1 .I think that would be a good idea.

### 第十四段

1 .Right, How important is it to include slides in the presentation?

### 第十五段

1 .They aren't essential, by any means.

2 .And there's a danger of tailoring what you say to fit whatever slides you can find.

3 .While it can be good to include slides,

4 .you could end up spending too Iong looking for suitable ones.

5 .You might find it better to leave them out.

### 第十六段

1 .I see.

2 .Another thing I was wondering about was how to start.

### 第十七段

1 .That would be fine if you had an hour or two for the presentation,

2 .but you might find that you can't do anything with the answers you get,

3 .and it simply eats into the short time that's available.

### 第十八段

1 .So, maybe I should mention a particular way that nanotechnology is used, to focus people's attention.

### 第一十九段

1 .That sounds sensible.

### 第二十段

1 .What do you think I should do next?

2 .I really have to plan the presentation today and tomorrow.

### 第二十一段

1 .Well, initially I think you should ignore all the notes you've made,

2 .take a small piece of paper, and write a single short sentence that ties together the whole presentation:

3 .it can be something as simple as 'Nanotechnology is already improving our lives'.

4 .Then start planning the content around that.

5 .You can always modify that sentence later, if you need to.

1 .OK.

### 第一段

1 .OK, now let's think about actually giving the presentation.

2 .You've only given one before, if I remember correctly, about an experiment you'd been involved in.

### 第二段

1 .That's right.

2 .It was pretty rubbish!

### 第三段

1 .Let's say it was better in some respects than in others.

2 .With regard to the structure,

3 .I felt that you ended rather abruptly, without rounding it off.

4 .Be careful not to do that in next week's presentation.

1 .OK.

### 第五段

1 .And you made very little eye contact with the audience,

2 .because you were looking down at your notes most of the time.

3 .You need to be looking at the audience and only occasionally glancing at your notes.

1 .Mmm.

### 第七段

1 .Your body language was a little odd.

2 .Every time you showed a slide, you turned your back on the audience so you could look at it

3 .- you should have been looking at your laptop.

——你应该看你的笔记本电脑。

5 .so I found myself wondering when you were next going to do that,

6 .instead of listening to what you were saying!

### 第八段

1 .Oh dear.

2 .What did you think of the language?

3 .I knew that not everyone was familiar with the subject,

4 .so I tried to make it as simple as I could.

### 第九段

1 .Yes, that came across.

2 .You used a few words that are specific to the field,

3 .but you always explained what they meant,

4 .so the audience wouldn't have had any difficulty understanding.

1 .Uh-huh.

### 第十一段

1 .I must say the handouts you prepared were well thought out.

2 .They were a good summary of your presentation,

3 .which people would be able to refer to later on.

4 .So well done on that.

1 .Thank you.

### 第十三段

1 .Well, I hope that helps you with next week's presentation.

### 第十四段

1 .Yes, it will. Thanks a lot.

### 第十五段

1 .I'll look forward to seeing a big improvement, then.