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第一段

1 .Ah ... come in, Russ.

Russ,请进。

第二段

1 .Thank you.

谢谢。

第三段

1 .Now you wanted to consult me about your class presentation on nanotechnology -you're due to give it in next week, aren't you?

你想请教我一些你将在下周提交的关于纳米科技的课堂演讲,对吧?

第四段

1 .That's right. And I'm really struggling.

是的。我现在还在挣扎中。

2 .I chose the topic because I didn't know much about it and wanted to learn more,

我选择这个话题是因为我并不是很了解,所以想学习更多相关知识,

3 .but now I've read so much about it, in a way there's too much to say-

但是现在我读了太多相关的东西,所以要说的太多了。

4 .I could talk for much longer than the twenty minutes I've been allocated.

我能说的时间,要比分配给我的二十分钟长很多。

5 .Should I assume the other students don’t know much, and give them a kind of general introduction,

我是应该认为其他学生懂得不多,然后给他们一些大概的介绍呢?

6 .or should I try and make them share my fascination with a particular aspect?

还是应该和他们分享我最喜欢的一个特别的方面?

第五段

1 .You could do either,

这两种都可以,

2 .but you'll need to have it clear in your own mind.

但是需要在自己的脑中有很清楚的认知。

第六段

1 .Then I think I'll give an overview.

那我觉得我还是给大家一个概述。

第七段

1 .OK.

可以。

2 .Now, one way of approaching this is to work through developments in chronological order.

现在,要这样做的话,一种方式就是用时间顺序来串起来它的发展过程。

第八段

1 .Uh-huh.

嗯嗯。

第九段

1 .On the other hand, you could talk about the numerous ways that nanotechnology is being applied.

另一方面,你可以讨论一下纳米不同的应用方式。

第十段

1 .You mean things like thin films on camera displays to make them water-repellent,

你的意思是比如相机显示屏上的能够防水的薄膜,

2 .and additives to make motorcycle helmets stronger and lighter.

让摩托车头盔更加结实、轻便的添加剂。

第十一段

1 .Exactly.

是的。

2 .Or another way would be to focus on its impact in one particular area,

或者,另一种方式可以是侧重于纳米科技对某个特定领域的影响,

3 .say medicine, or space exploration.

比如说医药,或者是太空探索等。

第十二段

1 .That would make it easier to focus.

那样会更容易集中话题。

2 .Perhaps I should do that.

也许我应该那样做。

第十三段

1 .I think that would be a good idea.

我认为这会是一个好主意。

第十四段

1 .Right, How important is it to include slides in the presentation?

是的。在演讲展示中使用幻灯片很重要吗?

第十五段

1 .They aren't essential, by any means.

不管怎样,他们都不是必须的。

2 .And there's a danger of tailoring what you say to fit whatever slides you can find.

有一个风险就是让你要说的话去配合你找到的幻灯片。

3 .While it can be good to include slides,

尽管使用幻灯片确实不错,

4 .you could end up spending too Iong looking for suitable ones.

但是你可能会花太多时间寻找合适的幻灯片。

5 .You might find it better to leave them out.

你可能会觉得最好还是不用幻灯片了。

第十六段

1 .I see.

我懂了。

2 .Another thing I was wondering about was how to start.

另一件事情是我还在思考如何开场。

3 .I know presentations often begin with 'First I'm going to talk about this, and then I'll talk about that’,

我知道一般的演讲都是以"首先我要说一下这个,其次我要说一下那个"开始,

4 .but I thought about asking the audience what they know about nanotechnology.

但是我想问问观众对于纳米科技都知道什么。

第十七段

1 .That would be fine if you had an hour or two for the presentation,

如果你有一两个小时来演讲的话,那应该是可以的,

2 .but you might find that you can't do anything with the answers you get,

但是你可能会发现,尽管有了那些答案,你也不能做什么事情,

3 .and it simply eats into the short time that's available.

这只会占用演讲有限的时间。

第十八段

1 .So, maybe I should mention a particular way that nanotechnology is used, to focus people's attention.

所以,我应该提一下纳米技术应用的具体方式,来吸引大家的注意力。

第一十九段

1 .That sounds sensible.

这样听起来很明智。

第二十段

1 .What do you think I should do next?

那您觉得我接下来应该怎么做呢?

2 .I really have to plan the presentation today and tomorrow.

我必须在今明两天之内构思好我的演讲。

第二十一段

1 .Well, initially I think you should ignore all the notes you've made,

恩,首先我觉得你应该把你做的笔记放到一边,

2 .take a small piece of paper, and write a single short sentence that ties together the whole presentation:

拿出一张小小的纸,然后写下一句能够将整个演讲串联起来的很短的话:

3 .it can be something as simple as 'Nanotechnology is already improving our lives'.

可以是像"纳米科技正在提升我们的生活质量"的这种话。

4 .Then start planning the content around that.

然后围绕这句话开始构思。

5 .You can always modify that sentence later, if you need to.

如果你需要的话,后面还可以继续修改那句话。

第二十二段

1 .OK.

好的。

第一段

1 .OK, now let's think about actually giving the presentation.

好了,现在让我们来想一下实际的演讲。

2 .You've only given one before, if I remember correctly, about an experiment you'd been involved in.

如果我没记错的话,你以前只演讲过一次,是关于你参加的一个实验。

第二段

1 .That's right.

是的。

2 .It was pretty rubbish!

相当糟糕!

第三段

1 .Let's say it was better in some respects than in others.

应该说它有长处也有短处。

2 .With regard to the structure,

关于结构,

3 .I felt that you ended rather abruptly, without rounding it off.

我觉得你结束得相当突然,没有圆满结束。

4 .Be careful not to do that in next week's presentation.

注意不要在下周的演讲中这样做。

第四段

1 .OK.

好的。

第五段

1 .And you made very little eye contact with the audience,

你很少和观众有眼神交流,

2 .because you were looking down at your notes most of the time.

因为你大部分时间都在看笔记。

3 .You need to be looking at the audience and only occasionally glancing at your notes.

你需要看着听众,只是偶尔看看你的笔记。

第六段

1 .Mmm.

嗯。

第七段

1 .Your body language was a little odd.

你的肢体语言有点奇怪。

2 .Every time you showed a slide, you turned your back on the audience so you could look at it

每次你放映幻灯片的时候,为了看到幻灯片,你会转身背对着观众。

3 .- you should have been looking at your laptop.

——你应该看你的笔记本电脑。

4 .And you kept scratching your head,

而且你一直在挠头,

5 .so I found myself wondering when you were next going to do that,

我感觉我一直在想你下次会在什么时候挠头,

6 .instead of listening to what you were saying!

而不是听你在说什么。

第八段

1 .Oh dear.

哦天哪。

2 .What did you think of the language?

那你觉得语言怎么样呢?

3 .I knew that not everyone was familiar with the subject,

我知道不是每个人都熟悉这个话题,

4 .so I tried to make it as simple as I could.

所以我尽量把它简单化。

第九段

1 .Yes, that came across.

是的,那是对的。

2 .You used a few words that are specific to the field,

你用了一些特定领域的词,

3 .but you always explained what they meant,

但是你每次都会解释单词的意思。

4 .so the audience wouldn't have had any difficulty understanding.

所以观众理解起来不会有任何困难。

第十段

1 .Uh-huh.

嗯嗯。

第十一段

1 .I must say the handouts you prepared were well thought out.

我不得不说,你准备的讲义考虑很周到。

2 .They were a good summary of your presentation,

很好地总结了你的演讲,

3 .which people would be able to refer to later on.

这样之后人们可以用来作参考。

4 .So well done on that.

做得很好。

第十二段

1 .Thank you.

谢谢。

第十三段

1 .Well, I hope that helps you with next week's presentation.

好的,希望这些对你下周的演讲有所帮助。

第十四段

1 .Yes, it will. Thanks a lot.

是的,当然会。非常感谢。

第十五段

1 .I'll look forward to seeing a big improvement, then.

那么我期待看到你更大的进步。